2008-04-13 17:19:45 UTC
(CBS) For centuries, man has speculated about the ring of giant stones
on Salisbury Plain in England known as Stonehenge.
Who built it? Why? How did they get the stones there to begin with?
Theories have ranged from Stonehenge being a clock, to a calendar,
even a sacrificial altar.
The Druids and Greeks have been mentioned as possible builders. Then
again, so have aliens from UFOs, and Atlanteans.
But a new excavation at the site, led by Britain's Falmouth
University, has led to yet another theory. Now, archeologists at
Stonehenge, such as Andrew Fitzpatrick of Wessex Archoelogy, say the
4,000-plus-year-old wonder may actually have been --
"Who built it?"
South Wales Coalfield miners from South Wales.
Stonehenge was a Coal Prospect that went Bust, afterwards it became
The First Mining College, it saved digging further Coal Prospects
eastward, all of which would have been Dusters.
"How did they get the stones there to begin with?"
1) Animal Skins bagged the South Wales "Whitestone" rock.
2) Pine Timbers rolled the South Wales "Cosheston" rock.
3) Pine Timbers rolled the South Wales "Bluestone" rock.
4) Oak Timbers rolled the Marlborough Downs "Sarsen" rock.
White Chalk looks like Whitestone, that is why the College was built,
Sarsen area having no Coal either. Mesolithic and Neolithic hot Coal
Exploration Play was to the west in a North-South Trend.
Denke, G.W. 1973. "Stonehenge Phase I: An Openpit Coalfield Model; The
First Geologic Mining School (Indiana University of Pennsylvania) GDG,
White Chalk - The outcrop sedimentary rock of Stonehenge is Late
Cretaceous Period, Santonian Age, calcium carbonate. Late Cretaceous
Period outcrop sedimentary rock is the in situ construction material
used by the Stonehenge builders. This material is approximately 85
million years old. This stone is called Seaford Chalk Formation rock.
It is from Stonehenge Ditch Mining area.
Whitestone - The oldest limestone sedimentary rock of Stonehenge is
Early Carboniferous (Mississippian) Period, Arundian Age, calcium
carbonate. Early Carboniferous Period limestone sedimentary rock is
the first (1st) construction material imported by the Stonehenge
builders. This material is approximately 340 million years old. This
stone is called High Tor (Birnbeck) Limestone Formation rock. It is
from South Wales Coalfield area.
Cosheston - The oldest sandstone sedimentary rock of Stonehenge is
Devonian Period micaceous silicate. Devonian Period sandstone
sedimentary rock is the second (2nd) construction material imported by
the Stonehenge builders. This material is approximately 408 million
years old. This stone is called Senni Beds (Old Red Sandstone)
Formation rock. It is from South Wales Coalfield area.
Bluestone - The volcanic rock (oldest geologically) of Stonehenge is
Ordovician Period intrusive igneous diabase (dolerite) and extrusive
igneous felsite (rhyolite) and tuff (basic). Ordovician Period igneous
rock is the third (3rd) construction material imported by the
Stonehenge builders. This material is approximately 470 million years
old. This stone is called Ordovician Volcanic rock. It is from South
Wales Coalfield area.
Sarsen - The youngest sandstone sedimentary rock of Stonehenge is
Oligocene-Miocene (Tertiary) Period silicate. Oligocene-Miocene Period
sandstone sedimentary rock is the fourth (4th) construction material
imported by the Stonehenge builders. This material is approximately 24
million years old. This stone is called Reading Formation rock. It is
from Marlborough Downs Mining area.